Access the Labelbox Connector for Databricks to connect an unstructured dataset to Labelbox, programmatically set up an ontology for labeling, and return the labeled dataset in a Spark DataFrame. This library was designed to run in a Databricks environment, although it will function in any Spark environment with some modification.

This library is currently in beta. It may contain errors or inaccuracies and may not function as well as commercially released software. Please report any issues/bugs via Github Issues.

You can also access the Labelbox Connector for Databricks through Databricks Partner Connect. This tutorial video shows you how it works.



Install LabelSpark to your cluster by uploading a Python Wheel to the cluster, or via notebook-scoped library installation in the notebook. The installation will also add the Labelbox SDK, a requirement for LabelSpark to function. LabelSpark is available via pypi:

pip install labelspark

Tutorial Notebook

You may find it easier to follow along with a tutorial in your Databricks environment. You can download a sample notebook which guides you through some of the documented methods below.

Create Dataset (from Spark Table)

  1. Create your dataset in Labelbox from Databricks. You can specify an IAM integration if desired (or set to none with iam_integration=None). The below example creates a dataset with the default IAM integration set in the Labelbox account.
LB_dataset = labelspark.create_dataset(labelbox_client, spark_dataframe, dataset_name="Sample Dataset", 
                                      iam_integration='DEFAULT', metadata_index = dictionary_of_metadata_columns)

Where "spark_dataframe" is your dataframe of unstructured data with asset names and asset URLs in two columns, named "external_id" and "row_data" respectively. The metadata_index is an optional parameter if you wish to import metadata from other Spark table columns to Labelbox.

image1.jpghttps://url_to_your_asset/image1.jpg"Example string 1"1234...
image2.jpghttps://url_to_your_asset/image2.jpg"Example string 2"88.8...
image3.jpghttps://url_to_your_asset/image3.jpg"Example string 3"123.5...

The metadata_index dictionary follows this pattern: {column_name: metadata_type} where metadata_type is one of the following strings: "enum", "string", "number", or "datetime". In the above example, the metadata_index_dictionary would look like this:

metadata_labelbox_data_types = {
  "optional_metadata_field" : "string",
  "optional_metadata_field_2" : "number"

Note: This library will set reserved field "lb_integration_source" in Labelbox metadata to "Databricks" automatically. This allows for enhanced search capabilities in Labelbox Catalog, and more transparent data lineage.

Visit this page for more information about metadata in Labelbox.

Get Annotations in a Spark Table

  1. Pull your raw annotations back into Databricks.
bronze_DF = labelspark.get_annotations(client,"labelbox_project_id_here", spark, sc) 

Parse Annotations

  1. You can use our flattener to flatten the "Label" JSON column into component columns or use the silver table method to produce a more queryable table of your labeled assets. Both of these methods take in the bronze table of annotations from above:
flattened_bronze_DF = labelspark.flatten_bronze_table(bronze_DF)
queryable_silver_DF = labelspark.bronze_to_silver(bronze_DF)

How To Get Video Project Annotations

Because Labelbox Video projects can contain multiple videos, you must use the get_videoframe_annotations() method to return an array of DataFrames for each video in your project. Each DataFrame contains a frame-by-frame annotation for a video in the project:

bronze_video = labelspark.get_annotations(client,"labelbox_video_project_id_here", spark, sc) 
video_dataframes = labelspark.get_videoframe_annotations(bronze_video, API_KEY, spark, sc)    #note this extra step for video projects 

You may use standard LabelSpark methods iteratively to create your flattened bronze tables and silver tables:

flattened_bronze_video_dataframes = []
silver_video_dataframes = [] 
for frameset in video_dataframes: 

This is how you would display the first video's frames and annotations, in sorted order:

        .join(bronze_video, ["DataRow ID"], "inner")
        .orderBy('frameNumber'), ascending = False)

While using LabelSpark, you will likely also use the Labelbox SDK (e.g. for programmatic ontology creation). These resources will help familiarize you with the Labelbox Python SDK:


Labelbox uses API keys to validate requests. You can create and manage API keys on Labelbox. We recommend using the Databricks Secrets API to store your key. If you don't have the Secrets API, you can store your API key in a separate notebook ignored by version control.

Project Github

Labelbox Connector for Databricks
Contribution Guidelines